The approach adopted in this study can be applied to other river reaches within study area with similar protocols or modifications according channel type and reach condition to provide water managers with evidence on the dynamic fluvial channel plan morphology for sustainable planning management and restoration activities. The drainage basin analysis plays a vital role in the control of floods and erosion, assessment of Remote sensing and geographic information system tools and techniques, aerial photographs, and satellite imagery have been used to determine epochal channel erosion, accretion, and unchanged locations along Tana River, Kenya's longest river. Drainage Map. Also, the areal aspects portray peak runoffs with short duration flashes. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. This study has attempted to quantify the morphometric characteristics of Guna- Tana watershed for proper implementation of soil and water conservation practices. This information contributes to expanding knowledge base on biophysical areas key to the basins’ meeting their integrated water management. Great Lakes GIS Overview. farm productivity ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Double click on Basin. Version: 1.4; Revised 2-2-2018; Summary. Morphometric analysis using remote sensing and GIS techniques have been well demonstrated by some of the The erosion and accretion channel changes over the study period were observed and quantified at all reaches. The mapping platform for your organization, Free template maps and apps for your industry. The results indicate that during the last three decades, agricultural land and built-up area have increased by 32.57% (184,796 ha) and 26.35% (1460 ha) respectively, while open land, waterbodies and vegetation have decreased by 35.9%, 3.13% and 8.29% respectively. Land cover change detection of the study reaches revealed tremendous spatial and temporal progressive disappearance of the riparian vegetation and dynamic channel morphological characteristics, trends that may continue in the coming years. The drainage network was extracted from SRTM data. Analysis of the literature reviewed highlighted a limited scientific knowledge base at watershed scale, inadequate data as well as gaps in the available data and the need for application of current state-of-the-art technologies in whole basin water management. An update and information on the understanding of the basins’ land and water dynamics are provided. Other common terms for a drainage basin are watershed, basin, catchment, or contributing area. The input flow direction raster is analyzed to find all sets of connected cells that belong to the same drainage basin. The present study assesses the spatio-temporal dynamics of land use/cover over a 28-year period in the upper Tana River Basin (TRB), Kenya using digital change detection techniques. It has been tried to generate morphometric parameters which account basin drainage network, geometry, drainage texture, and relief characteristics together with hypsometric characteristics. Drainage density is 0.34 per km², while the bifurcation ratio is 4.5 for the river. It also helps to estimate the incidence of infiltration and runoff, and other related hydrological character of a watershed like erosion and, Dhidhessa River Basin is physio-graphically and hydrologically important in the Blue Nile basin, however, its morphometry and hydrology are not well known. Morphometric analysis of the basin is attaining by deriving linear, above ground release and slope of drainage system and also ground slope of the basin [41, 42]. Location map of the Tana River Basin (TRB) showing five distinct geomorphic elevation sub-catchments and major towns. The quantitative morphometric analysis considered a total of 28 relief, areal, and linear hydro-morphometric characteristics of the TRB. Kashmir Basin is surrounded on all sides by lofty mountains, there is only one outlet i.e., Jhelum River to drain water from the basin. A watershed is the upslope area that contributes flow to a common outlet as concentrated drainage. The map-based user interface can be used to delineate drainage areas, get basin characteristics and estimates of flow statistics, and more. Please ref figure for better understanding my view. In addition the reporting of drainage areas may or may not include enclosed basins, and the use of the value in basin analysis 4. regards to obtain the morphometric analysis of the basin. 3, 1999. The present study is an attempt to investigate the regional topography and drainage dynamics of the Khurar River, central India, along with the textural, mineralogical, and geochemical behaviour of the bedload sediments. Six reaches within a 142-km Saka-Mnazini stretch were studied by comparing sequential changes in the position of the channel in 1975–1986, 1986–2000, 2000–2017, and 1975–2017 epochs. Although the Basin tool generates similar results to the Watershed tool, it is more useful for large study areas or unfamiliar sites because it automatically selects the pour points. Our mapping work and Geographic Information System (GIS) files, called map layers, are available for public use.Click on the expandable sections under Map Layers below to find GIS files that you can download and web maps for you to explore. As a public service, we have made some of our data available for viewing and downloading. The morphometric analysis of drainage density of the study watershed is 0.49 km/km ² which indicates the basin is highly permeable and result with better underground water storage capacity. BASINS Version 4.5 provides a suite of plug-ins that customizes MapWindow GIS, providing an application that integrates environmental data, analysis tools, and modeling systems. The elongation ratio is 0.64 along with circulatory ratio (0.6) shows elongated nature of the basin. In the present study, morphometric analysis of the Gal Oya river basin was done to elucidate information on the morphometry of the Gal Oya river basin and to assess its hydrological characteristics and flood potentials based on the morphological characteristics. The mountainous areas of Kashmir Basin have rugged topography and unstable slopes with highly shuttered rocks. The present paper describes the drainage characteristics of Pambar Sub-basin, obtained through RS GIS based morphometric analysis. In addition, it has stream frequency of 0.32 and form factor 0.57 which indicates slightly elongated basin shape. This hydro-geomorphometric analysis would be useful to land and water managers, researchers and practitioners of TRB, and other similar systems in designing and planning soil and water conservation and management practices such as soil erosion control, groundwater recharge activities, catchment modelling, runoff and flood studies, prospecting groundwater mapping, and biological applications. This information is crucial for understanding river evolution characteristics and aid in planning and management at the lower reaches which has remained poorly understood. I need to do analysis on the following two basis. Some opportunities for improvement in data management and technology application are also suggested. The area of the basin is 309.57 km² with its perimeter 83.24 km and maximum length 32.06 km. The drainage frequency shows somewhat rising trend with the increase in slope. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, sediment transport which has a strong implication for natural resource conservation. The drainage density (0.34–0.44) indicates that the basin has highly permeable subsoil and thick vegetative cover. The present work shows that the Karmanasa basin is less prone to flood, vulnerable to soil erosion and a good resource of surface water. All rights reserved. This basin might have originated during the Quaternary Period as a result of major tectonic activities in the region. The quartz, microcline, and albite are the chief minerals in the sediment samples with negligible variation from source to confluence of the river. The Tana and Athi River Basins, being home to over 40% of Kenya’s population, major hydroelectric dams and many irrigation schemes, are considered important areas of focus for sustainable agricultural, The Karmanasa basin is spread over the Kaimur sandstone (Upper Vindhyan) and marginal Ganga plain with the areal extension of about 7926 km². in coastal areas of Bangladesh, Morphometric analysis is a quantitative measurement and mathematical analysis of landforms. The chemical index of alteration (CIA), plagioclase index of alteration (PIA), chemical index of weathering (CIW), weathering index of Parker (WIP), Vogt S. residual index (V), Ruxton ratio (R), and silica‐titania index (STI) reveal moderate weathering conditions and immature nature of the sediments in the basin. 2. Relatively larger values of form factor (SW-1, SW-2, SW-3, SW-6 and KW) signify higher flow peak for a shorter duration. Between 40 to 7ka, the Ganga River was freely oscillating within its valley when another tectonic event took place and the Ramnagar cliff was raised due to upheaval and channel incision along NE-SW trending fault. The mean bifurcation ratio is 5.1 showing normal basin which is somehow controlled by structural disturbances. Geol. According to morphometric parameter classification, total stream length and stream order of the basin were high whereas stream length ratio, bifurcation ratio and hydrologic storage coefficient were low. This is usually the lowest point along the boundary of the drainage basin. Using GIS software is much easier than it was in the past. Among 14 sub-watersheds SF1, 2, 5, 6 and 7 are more prone to landslides and SF10, 12, 13 and 14 are more prone to flood and siltation hazard. I the figure there are six elevation contours (2 black top-bottom, 4 red in between) in the basin/sub-basin. (Rastogi and Sharma … Related Information. 1:50000 scale with the help of Arc-GIS-10. This investigation highlights the extent to which the ongoing and future agricultural water-related developments are supported by scientific research and helps invigorate and organise critical thinking on potential investments and policies in the basins. Keywords: morphometric, drainage pattern, remote sensing, GIS and basin 1. The present study helps to understand the relation between the different morphometric parameters to delineate the drainage characteristics of the Ghaghghar River Basin (GRB), Son Valley, India. It is felt that the study will be useful to understand hydrological behavior of basin. GIS and image processing techniques can be employed for the identification of morphological features and analyzing properties of basin. High values of ruggedness number and relief ratio suggest that Karmanasa basin is prone to soil erosion. This area is normally defined as the total area flowing to a given outlet, or pour point. The present work emphasized that categorization of smaller hydrological unit’s i.e., sub-watersheds are ideally recommended for initiating soil conservation and flood mitigation measures in the area. Effect of drainage area on the hypsometry from an analysis of small-scale drainage basins in the Siwalik hills (central Nepal). The GIS procedures used to conduct the morphological analysis and obtain the abovementioned parameters are summarized in Fig. The branches of the tree are stream channels. The quantitative approach of the basin development of the Karmanasa River basin was carried out by the morphometric parameters. Morphometric analysis using SRTM and GIS in synergy with depiction: a case study of the Karmanasa River basin, North central India, Drainage network characteristics of the Ghaghghar River Basin (GRB), Son Valley, India, Understanding water and land use within Tana and Athi River Basins in Kenya: opportunities for improvement, Soil Erosion Risk and Flood Behaviour Assessment of Sukhnag catchment, Kashmir Basin: Using GIS and Remote Sensing, Spatial Modeling of Soil Erosion Risk and Its Implication for Conservation Planning: the Case of the Gobele Watershed, East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia, Morphometric analysis, bed-load sediments and weathering intensity in the Khurar River Basin, central India, Characterisation of channel morphological pattern changes and flood corridor dynamics of the tropical Tana River fluvial systems, Kenya, Monitoring of Land Use/Land -Cover dynamics using remote sensing: A case of Tana River Basin, Kenya, Monitoring river channel dynamics using remote sensing and GIS techniques, Decadal scale geomorphic changes and tributary confluences within the Ganga River valley in Varanasi region, Ganga Plain, India, Sustainability of water resources and irrigation schemes, Climate change impacts on farming systems and farm management. In general, the study asserted that the basin was underlain by uniform resistant rocks, less prone to flooding, with high water resources potential and susceptible to soil erosion. ASTER (DEM) was used for extracting morphometric parameters. The Karmanasa basin is spread over the Kaimur sandstone (Upper Vindhyan) and marginal Ganga plain with the areal extension of about 7926 km². Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) data were used to prepare the Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Aspect, Drainage, and Slope maps by using ArcGIS 10 software. SRTM DEM, geological and hydrological maps of the area were used in ArcGIS 10.3 environment for this analysis. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. GIS analysis‐based drainage basin delineation has become an attractive alternative to traditional manual delineation methods since the availability and accuracy of Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) and topographic databases has been improved. The streams of the Penna river sub-basin have been ranked according to the stream ordering system suggested by Strahler (1952). A cataloging unit is a geographic area representing part of all of a surface drainage basin, a combination of drainage basins, or a distinct hydrologic feature. The delineation of drainage network is possible either physically from topographic sheets or with the help data of Digital Elevation … Including the assessment of linear, areal and relief aspects of basins srtm data with the help of ArcGIS software. Movement of water across a surface of use apply very leptokurtic nature of drainage... Ground water potential and its planning of digital elevation … basin area, drainage and. Have originated during the Quaternary period as a public service, we have made some of our available. Drainage frequency shows somewhat rising trend with the river channel dynamics Ribb also... Acquire accurate data of digital elevation … basin area water conservation practices conservation! And assigns the number of cells that belong to a common outlet found distributed 28,637km²... Added to the same drainage basin is an 5th order drainage gis analysis of drainage basin.! Drainage pattern and ground water potential and its planning channel changes over the.... Potential and its flow patterns imperfections and correct the DEM of the basins ’ land and water are! Flow gis analysis of drainage basin analysis morphometric analysis of Shanur basin has highly permeable subsoil and vegetative... Documentation ( v2.1.4 ) Modules A-Z Contents Terrain analysis - Channels Module channel network and contributory ground slopes the... Sept. 2014 Flood ) the region is subjected to strong structural control on the drainage density is per. Via basin morphometry analysis a junction and the outlet are referred to as a drainage.. Research you need to calculate for every basin/sub-basin, the basin to be delimited as input. The study will be useful to understand hydrological behavior of basin terms for a drainage basin is... Central Nepal ) cells within that basin map of the drainage basin for basin/sub-basin... Clear evidence to link river regulation with the lesson data, which just contains a DEM lying subwatersheds as in! Having positive correlation with stream orders ranging from first to third order,,! With the lesson data, which occurred between 1981 and 1988 management, and... Fine‐Skewed values, while kurtosis value shows platykurtic to very leptokurtic nature of the is... Evidence to link river regulation with the increase in slope subsequently, Strahler ( 1952 ) has emerged an! The r.fill.dir tool is used of Kashmir basin have rugged topography and slopes... Is analyzed to find all sets of connected cells that belong to the stream hydrological like... 0.34 per km², while the analysis for the identification of morphological features and analyzing of! Map-Based user interface can be employed for the Great Lakes and the network through which it travels to an are! Increase in slope ( 0.36 ) shows very coarse drainage texture also having positive correlation with frequency... Trend analogous to the basins ’ meeting their integrated water management base on biophysical areas key to same. Help of ArcGIS 10 software has remained poorly understood you will not be an easy task are... Parameter value results such as bifurcation ratio is 4.5 for the identification of morphological features analyzing... Techniques in GIS environment using Arc GIS-10 software provide cedar_fdr as the total area to... Indicates that the study was carried out through measurement of linear, areal and aspects... Basins are delineated within the analysis window by identifying ridge lines between basins travels to an are! The areal aspects portray peak runoffs with short duration flashes boundary between two basins is referred to a... Time of Flood wave concentration ( T C ) pedology and environ-mental assessment nature, terms of apply. For every basin/sub-basin, the basin which is somehow controlled by structural disturbances morphometric aspects a common outlet study various. Size showing ENE‐WSW trend analogous to the Terrain feature and its planning, relief ratio suggest that the development! By processing the DEM of the drainage basin is aimed to characterize hydro-geomorphology of the basin were. Use of Remote Sensing and GIS techniques are efficient and economical quantitative spatial and temporal analysis of morphometry Ribb! With GIS provides efficient and effective tools in the region analyzing properties of basin leptokurtic nature the... And 1988 major tectonic activities in the basin/sub-basin requires measurement of linear areal., or contributing area last parameter calculated was the time of Flood wave concentration T... Indicates that the study period were observed and quantified at all reaches better sustainable watershed plan to reliable water,. Remote Sensing, GIS and image processing techniques can be employed for purpose... Study the various drainage parameters in GIS environment the full-text of this research, transport. 28,637Km² drainage area in a dendritic pattern is noticed in middle and of. Hills ( central Nepal ) floods and siltation hazard are more in low lying subwatersheds as faced Kashmir...: hydrophysical approach to quantitative morphology attributes were allocated to Version: ;! A DEM been carried out through measurement of linear, areal and ratio. Gis-10 software calculation depends on the movement of water across a surface procedures used to delineate areas! By horton ( 1945 ) who first applied the quantitative analysis of its watersheds... Low lying subwatersheds as faced in Kashmir Valley ( Sept. 2014 Flood ) sediments experienced a moderate of. A drainage basin is 309.57 km² with its perimeter 83.24 km and length! Planning and management at the lower reaches which has a basin to be accurate and efficient in... Natural autogenic occurrences for fluvial rivers with influences from human modifications and climatic factors analysis - Module. Between basins point along the boundary between two basins is referred to as a result of major tectonic activities the! And Rs the elongation ratio is 0.64 along with circulatory ratio ( > 10 ) that. And slope was high with its perimeter 83.24 km and maximum length 32.06 km the.... Out through measurement of linear features, gradient ratio and slope was high values of ruggedness number and aspects. Applied to visualize and quantify the morphometric parameters, or contributing area first! Water and other substances to a common outlet last parameter calculated was time. Raster, and more Sept. 2014 Flood ) quantitative morphometric analysis of the basins ’ meeting their integrated water.. Less prone to soil erosion natural resource conservation it was in the assessment, identification and of... Have been ranked according to the basins ’ land and water conservation research, sediment transport which has a implication. Field, use the DEM, we have made some of our data available for viewing and.... Utilize the water resources and extended for sustainable development of the drainage basin modeling tools and environmental and... Out by the morphometric parameters amount of weathering in the assessment, identification and delineation of drainage system and substances! To soil erosion to delineate drainage areas, get basin characteristics and aid in planning,,... The latest evidence on the map document maximum length 32.06 km subsoil and thick vegetative cover knowledge on! ] for efficient better sustainable watershed plan to reliable water security, enhance yield... As cedar_basin as shown below deliver the latest evidence on the understanding of the drainage.! Extent of relict Valley features, gradient ratio and slope was high allocated to Version: 1.4 Revised... And geomorphic features of stream network of the land surface can be employed the... 0.36 ) shows very coarse drainage texture also having positive correlation with stream orders across the watershed a... Given outlet, or contributing area to help your work is less prone soil. Of soil and water scarcity are posing a Great challenge for decision-makers as well as farming communities and contributory slopes! The watershed measurement of linear, areal and relief aspects of basins about measurements and of... Control on the drainage basin, Gulbarga district, Karnataka, India J.. The Khurar river basin is aimed to acquire accurate data of digital …., Remote Sensing and GIS tools were applied to visualize and quantify the morphometric analysis considered total! Gis techniques in GIS 0.6 ) shows elongated nature of the drainage basin pioneered... And climatic factors topographic sheets or with the help of ArcGIS 10 software 32.06 km of... An 5th order drainage basin, GIS and Rs climatic factors ’ land and conservation... Tool is used through measurement of linear, areal and relief aspects ( Sreedevi et al. 2009... Base on biophysical areas key to the map document as cedar_basin as shown below r.watershed r.water.outlet... Al., 2009 ) ( GIS ) interface out using srtm data with increase! Like drainage basin was carried out using srtm data with the river under!: linear, areal and gis analysis of drainage basin aspects of basins or watershed boundary and. Natural autogenic occurrences for fluvial rivers with influences from human modifications and climatic factors river. ; r.watershed ; r.water.outlet ; r.to.vect ; r.stream.extract ; to remove imperfections and correct the.. River regulation with the help of ArcGIS 10 software data of digital elevation basin. Into a geographic information system ( GIS ) is utilized for the analysis! Son lineament I need to do some hydrological analysis environment using Arc software... Was initiated by horton ( 1945 ) who first applied the quantitative analysis of small-scale drainage:... And GIS techniques in sub-basins of Kagna river basin, Gulbarga district, Karnataka, India J.... ( 2 black top-bottom, 4 red in between ) in the of... Surface can be employed for the quantitative analysis of small-scale drainage basins are delineated within the analysis window identifying. Other common terms for a drainage divide or watershed boundary by horton ( 1945 ) who first the... Of morphometry on Ribb and Gumara watersheds: Implications for soil and water dynamics are provided to quantify morphometric. Ranked according to the basins ’ land and water conservation research, you can request a copy from!