Tullus Hostilius (r. 673–642 BC) was the legendary third king of Rome. In the mythological version of ev… 2008. [10] Using this timeframe, the construction of the Curia Hostilia is possible during the reign of Tullus Hostilius. Another accomplishment of Tullus is the fact that he was the king who built the senate house. They somehow hid their swords under their robes, and once entry into the home was attained, proceeded to kill Tullus and his entire family and servants, then razed the house to the ground.[11][8]. Tullus Hostilius. The principal feature of Tullus' reign was the defeat of Alba Longa. King of Rome 673 BC – 642 BC. While no where near as famous as his predecessors, Tullus Hostilius is a significant figure in the Roman historiographical tradition. Watch Queue Queue Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Tullus-Hostilius, University of Dallas - The Dallas Area Network for Teaching and Education - Biography of Tullus Hostilius. Historians regard the events as having taken place during the early regal period, but the question of whether the events should be directly associated with Tullus is debatable. The first event is the destruction of Alba Longa. Tullus Hostilius was a Sabine, who became ruler of Rome. Leave a comment Tullus Hostilius Romulus. Tullus Hostilius (r. 673–642 BC) was the legendary third king of Rome. Few facts were known about Rome's fourth king, Ancus Marcius. He was the grandson of Hostus Hostilius, who had fought with Romulus and died during the Sabine invasion of Rome. Tullus is briefly mentioned in the Aeneid in the description of Aeneas' shield. This places the historical accomplishments of the kings between 625 BC—the date that the archaeological record shows the first signs of Rome's urbanisation and unification—and 500 BC. Even his surname comes from the Latin hostis which means ‘hostile.’ During the 7th century BC, there were a number of disputes due to problems such as cattle rustling on … Tullus Hostilius becomes king after a short interregnum. Both are brought up among shepherds, carry on war against Fidenae and Veii, double the number of citizens, and organize the army. Tullus Hostilius was the third of the Roman kings. After the incorporation of leaders from Alba Longa into the senate, it became necessary to erect a new building to accommodate the now much bigger Roman Senate. Tullus Hostilius: Numa Pompilius was the second King of Rome. Tullus Hostilius was the grandson of Hostus Hostilius, who had fought with Romulus and died during the Sabine invasion of Rome. It was almost certainly subjugated at a later date than that given by Livy and it may have been destroyed by the Latins and not by the Romans (who might have regarded the destruction of their own traditional mother-country as impious). Fictional Character. [8] But Tullus won the battle despite the betrayal. The Roman’s had taken the Sabine women from their husbands and fathers, and this caused a war between the two tribes. of the quarrel between Tullus Hostilius and Mettius Fufetius, each of whom wanted sovereignty. After the Resurrection, he has teamed up with Hermann Göring to run a slave-state. He succeeded Numa Pompilius and was succeeded by Ancus Marcius. He succeeded Numa Pompilius and was succeeded by Ancus Marcius. cj102teacher. Contrary to Numa, his successor, Tullus Hostilius was a warrior king, much more interested in conquests than peace in the Empire. Two distinctive events are traditionally ascribed to Tullus's reign. However his account does say that the majority believed that the Horatii belonged to Rome, and the Curiatii, Alba Longa. He had seen how Tullus Hostilius had neglected the duties to the gods as these were established by Numa Pompilius, who was his grandfather by his mother. Servius Tullius, (flourished 578–535 bc), traditionally the sixth king of Rome, who is credited with the Servian Constitution, which divided citizens into five classes according to wealth. In the Roman Empire, there were several imperial interregnum (‘gaps’) between the reigns of the Roman kings. Mediterranean Sea. Corrections? Unlike his predecessor, Tullus was known as a warlike king who according to the Roman Historian Livy, believed the more peaceful nature of his predecessor had weakened Rome. And yes, he was a king of Rome. He belonged to the Etruscan Tarquinii clan, reigned from 534 to 510 BCE, and was infamous for his tyrannical rule, although Rome did enlarge its territory in that time. by Gaius Stern, 20 May 2008. This makes him very different to the previous king, Numa, who was famous for bringing peace and order to Rome. Tullus Hostilius Grandson of Hostus Hostilius, was the third king of Rome. Tullus Hostilius, an early ruler of Rome, made war against the Etruscans. 642-616 BC. Livy unsuccessfully strives to … His grandfather Hostus Hostilius, who fought against the Sabine's for Rome's first king, Romulus. He joined the Alban and Roman armies in one camp. "Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 1, chapter 22", "Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 1, chapter 31", "Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 1, chapter 24", "Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 1, chapter 25", "Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 1, chapter 30", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tullus_Hostilius&oldid=1000342301, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 18:44. Tullus Hostilius was a Sabine, who became ruler of Rome. A famous legendary battle was fought under Tullus Hostilius. King Tullus became ill and was filled with superstition. His last name, coming from the root "hostis", literally meant that he was aggressive in war and thought that he should have control. Reign of Ancus Marcius. On the 31st Year of his reign, Hostilius asked for assistance from Jupiter. 47 Terms. The legendary 3rd king of Rome, Tullus Hostilius is famous for one thing – war. He was a legendary figure, the legend probably influenced by that of Romulus. Tullus was a Latin, and his reign was marked by military ambition. Tullus constructed a new home for the Roman Senate, the Curia Hostilia. He is a character in Philip Jose Farmer's novel Riverworld. Tullus Hostilius The Third King of Rome (673 - 641 BC) After the death of Numa, the senate elected Tullus Hostilius, the grandson of the man who had led the Romans against the Sabines. – 641 BC?) Tullus Hostilius was a Sabine, who became ruler of Rome. Tullus Hostilius (r. 673–642 BC) was the legendary third king of Rome. This attribution may be a reading back into the uncertain past of reforms that were not effected until a much later date. The legendary 3rd king of Rome, Tullus Hostilius is famous for one thing – war. Unlike his predecessor, Tullus was known as a warlike king who according to the Roman Historian Livy, believed the more peaceful nature of his predecessor had weakened Rome. [5] According to Livy, it is generally believed that the triplets were named Horatii and Curiatii but it is not known which belonged to which side. He waged war against the city of Alba Longa, completely destroying it. Such legends are reported as fact by the historians Livy (59 bc–ad 17) and Dionysius of Halicarnassus (flourished late 1st century bc). A short summary of this paper. Both Tullus and Romulus supposedly carried on war with the neighbouring cities of Fidenae and Veii, doubled the number of Roman citizens, organized the army, and disappeared from earth in a storm. Tullus Hostilius: Tullus Hostilius was the third king of Rome (c. 673-641 BC), after the death of Numa Pompilius. Ancus Marcius was the fourth of the Roman kings. Tullus, like the other kings of Rome, lived during the legendary period whose records were destroyed in the fourth century B.C. Watch Queue Queue. Warmongering seemed to be his favourite pastime. Gaius Stern. Tullus and Romulus have many things in … 3. Tullus Hostilius had a fierce personality. Tullus Hostilius was played by Robert Keith in the 1961 film Duel of Champions, which centered around the Horatii. The last person standing alive would be the winner, and his city would win the war without having their armies engage in battle. READ PAPER. He is described as hauling away the remains of the liar Mettius through the brush. The most compelling evidence is his name: "Tullus" is a unique praenomen in Roman culture, and his gentile name is obscure and linguistically archaic enough to rule out the possibility that he was a crude later invention. Numa had been a peaceful man, but Hostilius turned out to be even more warlike than the first king of Rome, Romulus. Tullus Hostilius was the grandson of Hostus Hostilius, who had fought with Romulus and died during the Sabine invasion of Rome. He succeeded Numa Pompilius and was succeeded by Ancus Marcius. He is also credited, probably incorrectly, with introducing silver and bronze coinage. The third king of ancient Rome was Tullus Hostilius (673 BC-642 BC). Tullus Hostilius came up with a cunning plan worthy of a Roman king. Details are uncertain about when and by whom Alba Longa was destroyed. John McCain and Hostilius Mancinus, POWs 2000 Years Apart: Western Oregon Univ. Tullus Hostilius was the grandson of the Roman champion, Hostius Hostilius, who served under the rule of Romulus. There are two versions concerning the death of Tullus Hostilius and his family, the first one consists of a myth that his house was hit by lightning and everyone with the house was killed and the house burnt to the ground with no survivors. Another accomplishment of Tullus is the fact that he was the king who built the senate house. 753-716 BC. Personal Blog. Tullus Hostilius was the 3rd of the 7 kings of Rome, following Romulus and Numa Pompilius. It is important to remember that the stories we have of the Roman Kingdom are mostly legend. Recent Post by Page. Towards the end of King Tullus Hostilus' reign, he began to take more note of the Gods as he fell ill and became superstitious. Romulus is perhaps better known as half of Romulus and Remus, a famous pair of brothers. Tullus was a Latin, and his reign was marked by military ambition. Posted on August 2, 2015 by Vincent Fleetwood. The founding by Tullus of the first Senate chambers, the Curia Hostilia, and of the Comitium (an area, directly in front of the Curia, where the people met to vote), may be an authentic tradition. The Albans were called first so that they didn’t really have time to prepare any surprises or to grab some weapons. The third king of ancient Rome was Tullus Hostilius (673 BC-642 BC). Unlike his predecessor, Tullus was known as a warlike king. This video is unavailable. [3], Tullus Hostilius was the grandson of Hostus Hostilius, who had fought with Romulus and died during the Sabine invasion of Rome.[4]. Additionally, Tullus Hostilius' warlike and ferocious character seems to be little more than a contrasting stereotype to that of the peaceable, devout Numa Pompilius; the first Roman annalists may merely have imputed aggressive qualities to Hostilius by naively parsing his gentile name (Hostilius meaning "hostile" in Latin). Thus the Curia Hostilla was built. The earliest floor of the Comitium belongs to the late 7th century, and architectural ornaments found there imply the existence of a major building, which may have been a Senate chamber. He decided to give the joint army a speech in the early morning. Tullus constructed a new home for the Roman Senate, the Curia Hostilia. He succeeded Numa Pompilius and was succeeded by Ancus Marcius. The Albans, under their dictator Mettius Fuffetius, followed him to the war as the subjects of Rome. It was a battle between two sets of triplets, the Horatii brothers and the Curatii, perhaps respectively from Rome and Alba Longa. Tullus Hostilius, traditionally, the third king of Rome, reigning from 672 to 641 bc. [4], For the betrayal against Rome, Tullus had Mettius Fufetius tied between two chariots and had the horses behinds smacked, had the horses ripped Mettius Fufetius apart, into two pieces. 753-716 BC. He was a legendary figure, the legend probably influenced by that of Romulus. Tullus's second alleged historical accomplishment was the construction of the original Roman Senate House, the Curia Hostilia. 716 to 672 BC. Tullus Hostilius (r. 673–642 BC) was the legendary third king of Rome. "Vires/Robur/Opes and Ferocia in Livy's Account of Romulus and Tullus Hostillus". After Alba Longa was beaten (by the victory of three Roman champions over three Albans), Alba Longa became Rome's vassal state. It would also explain things which are otherwise puzzling: Tullus's name being attached to the building, and how, as Roman traditions attest, Tullus could have led Rome's successful wars against the Fidenae and Veii and the Sabines. More Tullus Hostilius. It has been attested that he sought out war and was even more warlike than the first king of Rome, Romulus. He is credited with creating the most important religious and cultural institutions in Rome most prominently the Pontifex Maximus, Most modern historians consider Numa to be pure legend and regard his reign as myth. Download Full PDF Package. Reign of Numa Pompilius. It is possible that Alba Longa, about 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Rome, was destroyed during the years in which Tullus is thought to have reigned. His grandfather Hostus Hostilius, who fought against the Sabine’s for Rome’s first king, Romulus. The historical record shows that the Alban Hills were the site of a large settlement and that this settlement fell under Roman power during the regal period. Unlike Numa, Tullus taught his subjects the art of war. The story states that these triplets were singled out as champions of both cities. Start studying History Midterm. 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