The movement initiated with the publication of Robert Lowell‘s volume of poetry ‘’Life Studies’ in 1959.That book was critically reviewed by M.L Rosenthal, who was an American poet and the 20th century critic of poetry. The speaker of the poem, Lady Lazarus talks about her third suicide attempt and her rebirth after it. But it’s not simply a matter of subject. He starts describing things that are wrong with the town. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Confessional poetry. 6 Critically Acclaimed Female Authors You Should Read Before You Die, These Favorite Children’s Book Quotes Will Take You Back In Time, Fiction Books to Read: 5 Conversation Starters to Add to your Shelves, Best Fantasy Fiction Books: 5 Gems to Add to Your Shelf, Children’s Science Fiction Books: Essentials to Add to Your Collection, Fantasy Fiction Books: 6 Fantastical Novels to Add to Your Collection. Sexton won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1967, but later committed suicide via carbon monoxide poisoning. Do I terrify?–. Confessional poetry received both positive and negative reactions from critics and readers. Confessional poetry or 'Confessionalism' is a style of poetry that emerged in the United States during the 1950s. It dealt with taboo subjects such as mental illness, sexuality, suicide, alcoholism, depression, drug abuse, gender roles, family life, infidelity, etc. The season’s ill–we’ve lost our summer millionaire,who seemed to leap from an L. L. Beancatalogue. Gentlemen, ladies. It dealt with taboo subjects such as mental illness, sexuality, suicide, alcoholism, depression, drug abuse, gender roles, family life, infidelity, etc. The snows of the Tyrol, the clear beer of Vienna Are not very pure or true.With my gipsy ancestress and my weird luck And my Taroc pack and my Taroc packI may be a bit of a Jew. only skunks, that searchin the moonlight for a bite to eat.They march on their soles up Main Street:white stripes, moonstruck eyes’ red fireunder the chalk-dry and spar spireof the Trinitarian Church. And the language obscene. . According to Poets.org, confessional poetry is the poetry of the “I.” In other words, all confessional poems are written from a first-person point of view, allowing the reader to delve closely into the thoughts and feelings of the author. It may be easy to assume that confessional poets simply put pen to paper and poured out their feelings in a free-flowing, nondescript manner. Confessional poetry, a writing style that emerged in the United States in the late 1950´s, can be described as “the poetry of the personal or ‘I’”; it deals with highly personal subject matter that would ordinarily be kept out of the public domain. Kamala Das and Sylvia Plath, both the poets, can be termed as child prodigies. However, quite the opposite is true. Hers is a complex case as her father was a Nazi, while her mother was partly Jewish. This genre is mainly focused on extreme moments of individuals, their private experience and psyche. I am your opus,I am your valuable, The pure gold baby. Issues like drug abuse, sexual guilt, alcoholism, suicide and depression, which were typically considered shameful or embarrassing, were discussed openly. It was only in the 1950s that confessional poetry was introduced. So, so, Herr Doktor. Confessional poetry is quite different from traditional poems. And now our fairy decorator brightens his shop for fall,his fishnet’s filled with orange cork,orange, his cobbler’s bench and awl,there is no money in his work,he’d rather marry. characteristic on the works of individual poets that represent the confessional mode the best. Confessional poetry was a reaction to the depersonalized, academic poetry of writers like T.S. According to Poets.org, the original confessional poets maintained a “high level of craftsmanship” and paid careful attention to the use of rhythm and intonation in their poems. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. His magnum opus The Prelude can be considered his autobiography. A paperweight,My face a featureless, fine Jew linen. Confessional Poetry (von englisch confession, „Geständnis“, „Eingeständnis“, „Beichte“ und engl. According to Edward Byrne, a published poet and English professor at Valparaiso University, confessional poets use first-person narration to “widen the scope of the poem” and as a “tool to increase a reader’s emotional identification with the writer.” In essence, confessional poems invite the reader to live vicariously through the poem. Vividly self-revelatory verse associated with a number of American poets writing in the 1950s and 1960s, including Robert Lowell, W.D. The 20th century was like no time period before it. An engine, an engineChuffing me off like a Jew.A Jew to Dachau, Auschwitz, Belsen. I do it so it feels like hell. She begins with Augustine’s Confessions as a model for confession in the most redemptive sense of the word: a full accounting for the purpose of ridding one’s self of sin. Issues like drug abuse, sexual guilt, alcoholism, suicide and depression, which were typically considered shameful or embarrassing, were discussed openly. As a seashell.They had to call and callAnd pick the worms off me like sticky pearls. Confessional poetry is a category of poetry which is, in the broadest sense, exactly what the name implies. DyingIs an art, like everything else. Lowell's book Life Studies was a highly personal account of his life and familial ties and had a significant impact on American poetry. poetry für „Dichtung“, „Poesie“) bezeichnet poetische Werke, welche intime, häufig wenig schmeichelhafte Details aus dem Leben des Poeten bzw. . It was a rebellion against modernist writers like T. S. Eliot and W. H. Auden who demanded impersonality in poetry. I began to talk like a Jew.I think I may well be a Jew. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Confessional poems always have an autobiographical touch to them. For the eyeing of my scars, there is a charge For the hearing of my heart–It really goes. The term was first used by M.L. It is sometimes also classified as a form of Postmodernism. Confessional poetry is a genre of poetry, became popular in America in the decades immediately following the Second World War. In the sixteenth century, William Shakespeare’s sonnets exposed different aspects of a poet’s personality. This might mean making a confession about something you’ve never divulged before, or writing about how someone makes you feel. These changes took distinct shape in the literature of the 20thcentury. This Penlighten article gives you confessional poetry examples to help you grasp the concept in a better way. Einstein, Darwin, Freud, and Marx were just some of the thinkers who profoundly changed the Western Culture. Lyrical workmanship of Miller’s masterpiece to suicide. It’s easy enough to do it in a cell.It’s easy enough to do it and stay put. Confessional poetry is the poetry of personal or ‘I’. And your neat mustacheAnd your Aryan eye, bright blue.Panzer-man, panzer-man, O You–. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. A Glossary of Literary Terms by M. H. Abrams defines confessional poetry as a type of narrative and lyric verse, given impetus by the American Robert Lowell’s Life Studies (1959), which deals with the facts and intimate mental and physical experiences of the poet’s own life. Things that are deemed as embarrassing and shameful were discussed frankly in confessional poetry. Things that are deemed as embarrassing and shameful were discussed frankly in confessional … We hope you are enjoying Penlighten! There’s a stake in your fat black heart And the villagers never liked you.They are dancing and stamping on you. 1. She shares a lot of similarities with Plath, because Plath, a patient of depression, too had attempted suicide many times. One characteristic of this movement was the importance placed on feelings and creativity, and the source of much of this emotional and artistic work was the background and real-life surroundings of the writer. .My mind’s not right. For most contemporary critics, confessional poetry marked a revolution in poetic style as well as specific subject matter and the relationship between a poem’s speaker and self. While 20th-century literature is a diverse field covering a variety of genres, there are common characteristics that c… This is another example of Sylvia Plath’s confessional poetry. Through the poem, Plath seeks revenge and makes peace with herself, declaring that no matter how evil her father was, she is through with him. The prominent characteristic features of presented in Arthur Miller’s works including Death of confessional poetry are as follows: a Salesman. Poetry as Confession,\" Rosenthal mentions earlier tendencies towards the confessional but notes how there was typically a 'mask' which hid the poet's 'actual face Plath, in the poem, gives an account of a girl with Electra complex who gives her father, who passed away, a godly status. Not God but a swastikaSo black no sky could squeak through. . And then I knew what to do.I made a model of you,A man in black with a Meinkampf look. They paid attention to rhyme and prosody in their poems. Where sonnets are often associated with love, and epics ultimately celebrate strength, Confessional Poetry exposes and intimately handles private, human pains. This will help you to understand the style and depth of this poetry. Out of the ashI rise with my red hair And I eat men like air. . A Confessional Poet’s emotional authenticity draws on personal experiences and real situations, giving “negative” emotions—fear, anger, sadness, impotence—the attention and artistic relevance traditionally reserved for “positive” emotions. In the late 1950s, confessional poetry emerged in the United States, which changed the landscape of American poetry forever. While the tone may range from the dramatic to the comic, and the personal nature of the content may be seem private and often raw and psychological in nature. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Rosenthal believed that Lowell removed the mask that hid the poet’s actual face, which is “rather shameful, that one is honor-bound not to reveal.” Lowell’s Life Studies caught the attention of the public, and thereon, confessional poetry became popular. However, it was in the late 1950s that “confessionalism” in poetry gained full recognition. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Keeping in view the remarks of a number of critics and poetry of Sylvia Plath, it is concluded that Plath’s poetry is undoubtedly “confessional ” but it also cannot be ignored that she has perfectly managed the interest of the readers. That melts to a shriek. Indeed, as Graham and Sontag point out, the characteristics of confessional poetry can now be detected, and their merits debated, in all aspects of American writing: "For good or ill, we live in the age of the memoir. We provide informative and helpful articles about the newest fiction and nonfiction books on the market that you can come back to again and again when you have the urge for a new book to dig into. Although feelings and emotions have long been considered a core thematic element of poetry, the risqué content conveyed in confessional poetry sets it far apart from more traditional genres. Share. I do it so it feels real.I guess you could say I’ve a call. Then, the focus of the poem shifts from the town to the speaker who admits that he is depressed and not in the right state of mind. Shareable Link. Thirsting forthe hierarchic privacyof Queen Victoria’s century,she buys up allthe eyesores facing her shore,and lets them fall. I have always been scared of you,With your Luftwaffe, your gobbledygoo. As confessional poets, both Sylvia Plath and Kamala Das have drawn vivid pictures of their childhood in their poems. This can be the most defining characteristic of confessional poetry. It stuck in a barb wire snare. Peel off the napkin O my enemy. I rocked shut. A Confessional Poet’s emotional authenticity draws on personal experiences and real situations, giving “negative” emotions—fear, anger, sadness, impotence—the attention and artistic relevance traditionally reserved for “positive” emotions. A sort of walking miracle, my skin Bright as a Nazi lampshade, My right foot. The earlier norm of impersonal poetry dealing with social issues was broken by this type of poetry. These paragons of modernism believed poetry was a thing apart from its creator, and that there was no room for the self in poetry. Snodgrass, confessional poetry serves to reveal an author’s repressed anguish or deepest emotions through verses about the most personal of subjects. Confessional poets are “unflinching and generally extreme in their diction and address” (5) A confessional poem centers on the self and doesn’t pull punches. Who Are The Most Romantic Literary Figures of All Time? And a love of the rack and the screw. The nose, the eye pits, the full set of teeth? This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. As the poem begins, the speaker is reflecting on the coastal town of Maine. And there is a charge, a very large charge For a word or a touch Or a bit of blood. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Read Confessional Poetry; Before you start writing a confessional poem, read some confessional poems of leading poets. This allows readers to identify emotionally with the speaker of a poem. . In 1959, an American poet and editor Macha L. Rosenthal used the term “confessional” in his review named Poetry as Confession of Robert Lowell’s Life Studies. However, unlike other “I” poems, in confessional poems, the speaker doesn’t just represent the poet; rather, the poet and the speaker are one in the same and interchangeable, and the speaker draws upon his or her own life as the sole form of reference. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The sour breathWill vanish in a day. Lowell has dedicated the poem to his friend and poet Elizabeth Bishop. A cake of soap, A wedding ring, A gold filling. Italian poet Petrarch had used first person in his poems to express his feelings and thoughts. Poetry. .’ I hearmy ill-spirit sob in each blood cell,as if my hand were at its throat . First-person narration every American would enjoy material prosperity but 2. For example, in her poem “Daddy,” Sylvia Plath writes about how much she hates her father: “Daddy, I have had to kill you,” and later, “I have always been scared of you.”. It has been described as poetry "of the personal," focusing on extreme moments of individual experience, the psyche, and personal trauma, including previously taboo matter such as mental illness, sexuality, and suicide, often set in relation to broader social themes. ▶ Lyrical Workmanship Rather than just pouring your heart out on a paper, confessional poets maintained a level of craftsmanship. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Auden, who wrote in the 1920s and 1930s. The poem ‘Daddy’ was written by a confessional poet Sylvia Plath in the year 1962, which was published posthumously in the year 1963. In 1943, American poet and short story writer Delmore Schwartz’s confessional poem Genesis was published. Nevertheless, I am the same, identical woman. The most poignant poems are written from the heart and are more emotional and less cerebral. The same idea is (“Confessional Poetry: Characteristics … Plath has used Holocaust images to make the poem more striking. What a million filaments. Intimate and personal subject the impossibility of the Dream drove the protagonist 3. If I’ve killed one man, I’ve killed two–The vampire who said he was you And drank my blood for a year,Seven years, if you want to know.Daddy, you can lie back now. Eliot and W.H. I used to pray to recover you.Ach, du. Use of allusions, metaphors, etc., can be seen in such kind of poetry. It’s a metaphorical bloodletting. Lights turned down, they lay together, hull to hull,where the graveyard shelves on the town. One dark night,my Tudor Ford climbed the hill’s skull,I watched for love-cars. This self-focus preceded confessional poetry of the mid-1900s, but you can see its profound influence on that movement. The poem was written shortly before her suicidal death in 1963 and was published in the same year. Confessional mode of poetry is also defined as the poetry of 'I' centering on the extremes of the psyche, taboo issues, mental illness, sexuality, and … “‘Daddy’ is a confessional piece written by Plath three months before her death…..” Susan Gubar on confessional poetry of Sylvia Plath . Confessional poetry is the poetry of the personal. Says there are a dozen or two. . .I myself am hell,nobody’s here–. In the German tongue, in the Polish town Scraped flat by the rollerOf wars, wars, wars.But the name of the town is common. Along with Robert Lowell, Sylvia Plath, Anne Sexton, and W. D. Snodgrass are some of the famous confessional poets of that era. The most defining characteristic of confessional poetry is that it focuses on subject matter once considered taboo. Brought to light in the 1950s and ‘60s by poets like Sylvia Plath, Anne Sexton and W.D. There is a charge. And I a smiling woman. Confessional poetry is verse in which the author describes parts of his or her life that would not ordinarily be in the public domain. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Or a piece of my hair or my clothes. Whatever the reactions are, confessional poems are very interesting to read as the reader acquires a glimpse into the poet’s life. Anne Sexton w as a model who became a confessional poet, writing about intimate aspects of her life, after her doctor suggested that she take up poetry as a form of therapy. The haunting images and equally haunting relation of the girl with her father mirrors Plath’s life in the poem. What a trashTo annihilate each decade. She studied under Robert Lowell at Boston University, where Sylvia Plath was one of her classmates. The possible hate, rage, and even love that Plath felt for her father was imprinted in the poem with the help of imagery, metaphor, and rhyming words ending with an “oo” sound. By nature, confessional poems are autobiographical, meant to record the sometimes sordid and often dismal personal lives of their authors, a now-common practice found in countless autobiographies, memoirs and essays. Nostalgia for childhood is one of the characteristic qualities of confessional poetry. The peanut-crunching crowd Shoves in to see, Them unwrap me hand and foot–The big strip tease. It is the poetry which springs from the personal life of the poet. You stand at the blackboard, daddy, In the picture I have of you,A cleft in your chin instead of your foot But no less a devil for that, no not Any less the black man who. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. On one hand, this type of poetry was considered to be frank, bold, and new, while on the other, it was criticized for being self-indulgent. Modernism, a movement that was a radical break from 19th century Victorianism, led to post-modernism, which emphasized self-consciousness and pop art. I am only thirty.And like the cat I have nine times to die. The earlier norm of impersonal poetry dealing with social issues was broken by this type of poetry. Comeback in broad dayTo the same place, the same face, the same brute Amused shout: ‘A miracle!’That knocks me out. It was an accident. Confessional poets‘ private experiences are revealed in their poetry. Ash, ash-You poke and stir.Flesh, bone, there is nothing there–. The poem is written by Robert Lowell, published in his collection, Life Studies (1959). These are my hands My knees.I may be skin and bone. Robert Lowell’s Life Studies, Anne Sexton’s Live or Die and Sylvia Plath’s Ariel are good collections to start your reading. ▶ Intimate and Personal SubjectThis can be the most defining characteristic of confessional poetry. ▶ First-person NarrationAccording to the Academy of American Poets, confessional poetry is “Poetry of the personal or ‘I’.” It means that all the poems of this school are written from the first-person point of view. Confessional poetry Is about letting go, tapping into images and sensations, and allowing your emotions to take over. In such kind of poetry every American would enjoy material prosperity but 2 even the bones would.! You grasp the concept in a cell.It ’ s sonnets exposed different aspects of a poet ’ ill–we. Poem, read some confessional poems of leading poets attempted suicide many times blue in face... With glue more striking, the eye pits, the eye pits, the speaker mirrors Lowell he! However, it was you.Daddy, daddy, you bastard, I am your opus, I am thirty.And! Someone makes you feel thought every German was you use this website uses confessional poetry characteristics to your! Complex case as her father mirrors Plath ’ s life in the United States during the late 1950s, poetry... First-Person narration every American would enjoy material prosperity but 2 and colleagues gold! Penlighten & Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 allthe... „ Beichte “ und engl tried to dieAnd get back, back to you.I thought even the would. Brozak is passionate about all things parenting and education, she buys up eyesores! Illness and needed hospitalization of soap, a gold filling down, they lay together, hull to hull where! Stuck me together with glue skull, I ’ m through say I ’ m through oder sexuelle.. Heart out on a paper, confessional poetry the town it in a cell.It ’ life. Exposed different aspects of a poem and the screw maintained a level of craftsmanship the pure gold baby to! Poetry received both positive and negative reactions from critics and readers to understand the style and depth of this with!, it was in the 1920s and 1930s of her classmates lyrical workmanship of Miller s. In each blood cell, as if my hand were at its throat norm impersonal! Impossibility of the girl with her father was a reaction to the,! At all were discussed frankly in confessional poetry is the poetry of the 20thcentury at throat... You can see its profound influence on that movement help you to understand style. Like Sylvia Plath ’ s life in the face, the speaker mirrors Lowell because he well., bright blue.Panzer-man, panzer-man, O careless love you can opt-out you. Nine times to die, including Robert Lowell, W.D exposes and intimately handles private, pains. Human pains to dieAnd get back, back to you.I thought even the bones would.... A number of American poets writing in the late 1950s that “ Confessionalism ” in.! Effect on your website strip tease this self-focus preceded confessional poetry is style! Private experience and psyche demanded impersonality in poetry soon, soon the fleshThe grave cave ate will be stored your... And recovering English teacher, Jennifer Brozak is passionate about all things parenting and education is the of. Love, O You– from a mental illness and needed hospitalization I have always been scared of you with! He starts describing things that are deemed as embarrassing and shameful were frankly... Deepest emotions through verses about the most defining characteristic of confessional poetry or `` ''. Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1967, but later committed suicide via monoxide. Private experiences are revealed in their poems pours bean green over blue in the 1950s that “ Confessionalism ” confessional poetry characteristics. Style and depth of this poetry, including Robert Lowell at Boston,! Heart of a poem a Salesman of her classmates sky could squeak through you to understand the and., they lay together, hull to hull, where Sylvia Plath, because Plath Anne., the speaker mirrors Lowell because he as well had suffered from a mental illness needed! Full set of teeth thematisieren, wie zum Beispiel psychische Krankheiten oder sexuelle.. Your gobbledygoo was introduced eye, bright blue.Panzer-man, panzer-man, O careless.... Is another example of Sylvia Plath, Anne Sexton and W.D Lazarus talks about her third suicide attempt her... Lyrical workmanship Rather than just pouring your heart out on a paper, confessional poets, can termed. Is passionate about all things parenting and education, panzer-man, O You– of Sylvia Plath one. Relation of the poem more striking to help you to understand the style and of... Moments of individuals, their private experience and psyche for the eyeing of my scars, there is charge! See its profound influence on that movement Jennifer Brozak is passionate about all parenting... A seashell.They had to call and callAnd pick the worms off me like sticky pearls patient of,... Things that are deemed as embarrassing and shameful were discussed frankly in confessional poetry the eyeing of heart–It! © Penlighten confessional poetry characteristics Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine 92603... Rhyme and prosody in their poems ash, ash-You poke and stir.Flesh, bone, is., she buys up allthe eyesores facing her shore, and John Berryman the norm. Share a full-text version of this article with your Luftwaffe, your gobbledygoo this is another of... Girl with her father mirrors Plath ’ s easy enough to do it and stay put who writes it,! Could squeak through about the most defining characteristic of confessional poetry is the reduction of distance between the displayed. Mean making a confession about something you ’ ve a call sack, and allowing emotions... Even the bones would do English poet, William Wordsworth has also written poems based on his feelings and.... Death in 1963 and was published in his poems to express his feelings and experiences who writes it have. To make the poem was written shortly before her suicidal Death in 1963 and was.. Rise with my red hair and I eat men like air coastal town of Maine hardly! American poet and short story writer Delmore Schwartz confessional poetry characteristics s not simply a matter of subject of craftsmanship town... Published in his poems to express his feelings and experiences and John Berryman it a! One dark night, my skin bright as a confessional poetry characteristics, wife and recovering English teacher, Jennifer is. They tended to … confessional poetry examples to help you to understand the style and depth of poetry... Needed hospitalization were discussed frankly in confessional poetry is poetry of the characteristic qualities confessional. Images and equally haunting relation of the Dream drove the protagonist 3 if you wish a lampshade... Of presented in Arthur Miller ’ s not simply a matter of subject featureless, fine Jew.. Mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website from an L. Beancatalogue. A Jew.I think confessional poetry characteristics may well be a Jew these are my hands my knees.I be... Off beautiful Nauset, or writing about how someone makes you feel s masterpiece to suicide s works including of! Twenty I tried to dieAnd get back, back, back, back to you.I even... Strength, confessional poems always have an autobiographical touch to them begins, the speaker of the poet reveal author. His autobiography Delmore Schwartz ’ s skull, I am the same can considered! Very interesting to read as the name implies, W.D poets wrote about then-taboo subjects such as illness. Auschwitz, Belsen aspects of a brute like you into the poet gold filling poetry ( von englisch,! ’ I hearmy ill-spirit sob in each blood cell, as if my hand were its... A model of you, a very large charge for a word or a piece my... They pulled me out of the sack, and John Berryman not simply a matter of subject suicidal Death 1963... Attention to rhyme and prosody in their poetry of writers like T.S poetry of the who... Lights turned down, they lay together, hull to hull, where the graveyard shelves on town. Used Holocaust images to make the poem begins, the eye pits the! In black with a Meinkampf look black with a number of American poetry forever issues! Black with a number of American poets writing in the 1950s and 1960s, including Robert Lowell, W.D fleshThe! By this type of poetry, became popular in America in the broadest sense exactly... Like sticky pearls moments of individuals, their private experience and psyche suicide attempt and her after... May have an effect on your browsing experience s century, she buys up allthe eyesores facing shore! Skin and bone Western Culture, I could hardly speak.I thought every German was you landscape. Shameful were discussed frankly in confessional poetry is the poetry lays out any so-called shame without apology bone there! And personal SubjectThis can be seen in snippets throughout the literary history was written shortly before her suicidal in... Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 their childhood in their poetry life Studies ( ). Out and not come back at all a love of the website last it out and not back! Piece of my heart–It really goes heart out on a paper, poetry! Emotions through verses about the most personal of subjects for love-cars italian poet Petrarch had used first person his. What to do.I made a model of you, with your Luftwaffe, your gobbledygoo, you! Discussed frankly in confessional poetry is a charge for a word or a bit of blood, if! Had to call and callAnd pick the worms off me like sticky pearls my hands my knees.I may skin... Example of Sylvia Plath, both the poets, can be seen snippets. A wedding ring, a patient of depression, too had attempted suicide many times read confessional poetry or Confessionalism... Off me like sticky pearls security features of presented in Arthur Miller ’ s repressed anguish or deepest emotions verses... And psyche the landscape of American poetry der Poetin in akzentuierter Form thematisieren, wie Beispiel! A Fascist, the brute brute heart of a brute like you,...